OFF SCREEN: Did they have any—I've heard the term LEM—local experienced men—who would sometimes lead the young boys in a task such as carpentry? Did you experience that in your camp?

TREES: Well, at the last, I was an LEM. I was what they called a holdover. I served all my enlistment time.

They needed somebody to supervise these new recruits, and I was one that was selected to work with the carpenters.

OFF SCREEN: And did you work on any particular building that's still in the park today?

TREES: I worked on every building that's in the park today that was original.

OFF SCREEN: Can you list for me what kind of tasks, like maybe beams or columns, or what kind of— TREES: I oversaw a crew of men when the timbers came out of the sawmill.

All the big beams that you see in the buildings now were sawed at the sawmill.

OFF SCREEN: Was that mill here at the camp?

TREES: We had a sawmill here in the camp.

OFF SCREEN: Can you describe where that mill was in relation to today's facilities?

TREES: It was just a big old sawmill, and we hauled those timbers in and sawed them up.

Made lumber out of part of it and made beams out of the rest of it.

All the lintels over the windows and doors and all the beams in this building [gestures over his shoulder] were Cypress trees that came from Utopia and sawed and hewed down.

I had ten men that used foot adzes to smooth the lumber up after it was rough sawed.

OFF SCREEN: I'm sorry. I didn't hear that clearly. You said a term I'm not familiar with. Foo— TREES: This lumber was all rough sawed. We had foot adzes. We laid the timbers on the ground and smoothed them up with those foot adzes.

A foot adze is made similar to a grubbing hoe, but they are razor sharp. And we smoothed all these heavy timbers with foot adzes.